Sports Team cohesion
Team Cohesion is defined as the tendency for a group to be in unity while working towards a goal or to satisfy the emotional needs of its members.
There is numerous definition of cohesion, and each of which will be correct for our purpose but some of the thinkers defined it in their way. The dynamic nature of any team or group refers to the strength or form, from the time the group is being established to when a group is being disbanded. These groups include sports teams, work groups, military units, fraternity groups and social groups. Some researchers claim that cohesion cannot be categorized in many groups.
Types of sports cohesion
Two types of cohesion are present in different teams
Task oriented Cohesion
The degree to which members of a group work together to achieve common goals. Factors it includes:-
- Highly Motivated
- Shared Purpose
- Success Driven
- High Skill Level
Social oriented Cohesion
The degree because of which the members of a team like each other and enjoy each other’s company. Factors it includes:-
- Emotional Bonds
- Social Connection
- Low Outcome Focus
Measurements of cohesion
Cohesion can be measured directly or indirectly. Indirect measurement involves team members telling their feelings about other members, using some basic question. Summed scores represent the team’s cohesion. Direct measurement involves team members indicating how much they like playing for the team and indicating how well they feel the team performs as a unit. The indirect approach has failed to find a relationship between team cohesion and team or individual behavior. As such, the indirect approach is rarely used. Some inventories or assessments have been used to measure team cohesion in athletics.
Factors Affecting Sports Cohesion
Several factors affecting group cohesion. Following are:-
- Status of the group
People feel loyal towards a high-status group than towards a low-status group.it should be noted that high-status group gets greater loyalty from its members which makes the team even stronger and more likely to gain increased status.
- Size of the group
The effective group is relatively small. We can say that smaller groups are closer knit than large ones. Members of the small group have closer face to face interactions than the large ones which results in the close relationships.
Members of the group who interact frequently and easily are likely to be more cohesive and efficient than those who communicate less. Such group members make their signs, symbols or language codes to communicate with team members.
- Leadership style
The style of leadership is important in developing cohesion among team because an effective leader keeps the members closer by helping them satisfy their social needs.
- Management Behavior
This factor influences the cohesion that exists within a group.By creating competition among members and always changing one member with another may build solidarity by rewarding cooperative behavior.
Objectives of team cohesion
A team needs goals, which participants believe is worthy. Discussions influence action planning, timetables, including specific milestones, and monitoring activities which help to keep the team focused and also create an appropriate sense of urgency. Defining a measurable output gives the team a framework to work within. These issues are of particular importance in team cohesion.
If the goals are not defined then the members of the team start pulling the team in different directions and overall progress will be affected.it is the duty of the team leader or coach to provide full guidance and to define the objectives of the team on daily basis and coach the members to accomplish those goals. When everyone in the team is working in the same direction, then the result produced will be more satisfying. Team cohesion provides each member a sense of responsibility, accountability, and authority.
Team cohesion applies in life. If we all care a little more about the people around us, the world would be a better place. If we lend a hand to each other without needing recognition for good deeds we do. We could excel as a society and grow as social beings.
Our finding that there is a strong relationship between cohesion and success in naturally forming sports teams leads us to echo the view of Mullen and Copper. It suggests that coaches and sports psychologists would do well to develop effective team building strategies in an attempt to influence cohesiveness directly.