Education system in Pakistan
During the independence of Pakistan, the education system was poorly structured. There were very few schools and universities. Since then the education system has expanded in Pakistan but still today it still lacks in spending in the education sector. It has become the most alarming situation. The insufficient amount of funds are unspent while high proportions are not spent to a good quality education. However, the debate on the curriculum still continues except the few elite and high-class schools. The quality remains a crucial concern in the early educators from 1990`s.
In the constitution of Pakistan, it was mandated to provide compulsory education free to all children between the ages of 5-16 years. It helps to enhance the adult literacy. In the amendment of the 18th constitution, the concurrent subjects were abolished, and the education was transferred to the federal unit. It will progress towards the provincial autonomy.
It is true that the successive governments have introduced various programs and workshops to promote literacy. They have failed to prove with their actions because of various cultural, social and political
The statistics which was released by the Federal Education Ministry gave an exact picture of illiteracy rate in Pakistan. The overall literacy rate in Pakistan is 46 percent, and only 26 percent girls are literate. Taking out the percentage from the independent sources and according to the educational experts, the overall literacy rate is 26 percent and women are 12 percent literate.
Pakistan comprises of 163000 primary schools, and almost 15,000 are in Punjab, 8000 in NWFP, 13,000 in Sindh and 4000 in Baluchistan.
Total of lower secondary schools is 14000 and 5000 for girls. The higher secondary schools are 10000 and 3000 for girls. There are almost 250 colleges for girls and in the public sector of 125 districts, there are 2 medical colleges for women.
The Government promised to introduce the non-formal education for females throughout Pakistan and started the project to set up 100000 non-formal schools. However, the project is in the unstable state because of continuous political policies which are jeopardizing the future. In rural areas almost 1500 non-formal schools established under the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Zia ul-Haq which is still in function in the countryside. The media plays an important role and have continuously taken radical and convincing steps to send the daughters to schools, but the situation in villages remains dramatic, and 70 percent of our population resides in rural areas.
Improving the Basic Education
Literacy is the vital and essential need of learning. Since 2013, many private sectors and NGOs are taking measures to improve the Pakistani Children’s learning and reading skills. They provide instructional and reading materials to classrooms. The training of teachers is held necessary which has encouraged schools to dedicate more time for learning.
Every child deserves a high-quality education. Societies thrive when children have an equal opportunity regardless of personal circumstances and origins. The government must make efforts nationwide to address barriers and enroll the students to stay in school. Emergency or immediate education must be provided in communities after the natural disaster and violent conflict.
Hope for education
There always been a lack of concern from Government especially on the part of government education, political parties, and religious groups. Some private NGO`s are working actively and have taken measures to get rid of these barriers.
The NGO is running more than 100 schools in the small villages of every province, where not only girls but women can also get the primary education.
“Education is vital because only educated people can build a nation.”