A Role of Youth for Global Reconciliation By: M Uzair Rana


A Role of Youth for Global Reconciliation

Youth can play a vital role in community reconstruction, in maintaining peace in nerves and anxious situations, and perhaps in preventing post-conflict consequence. Nigeria offers an excellent example of the utility of youthful participation in effecting post-conflict reconciliation. In the late 1960s Nigeria was thrown into civil war when one region – called Biafra – tried to break away from the rest of the country. The attempted breakaway can be traced directly to the reality that Nigeria is not a natural country, shaped from within. Rather, its borders were drawn by the European powers meeting in Berlin late in the 19th century. They divided people of familiar and proverbial language and culture, and they joined people of different cultures.

Here is a story of African country Nigeria, how Nigeria met and recover from it’s sever crisis in 1960s. Nigeria formulated National Youth service crops (NYSC) the main objectives and themes of this to develop a scheme that is dynamic enough to meet new challenges and become the leading light of youth organizations in Africa. To mobilize and groom graduate youths for the promotion of National Unity, sustainable development, self reliance and prepare them for the challenges of leadership.

The NYSC design was shaped in an offer to rebuild, settle and remodel the country after the Nigerian Civil war. The unluckily background in their national history gave impetus to the creation of the National Youth Service Corps which affirmed that the NYSC is being recognized “with a vision to the suitable support and growth of ordinary ties amongst the youths of Nigeria and the promotion of national harmony”.

Surrounded by the Troubles:

As a developing country, Nigeria is further overwhelmed surrounded by the troubles in assistance upon a situation of under development, namely; poverty. Mass illiteracy, sensitive shortage of high skilled manpower, unhappily scarce socioeconomic infrastructural facilities, housing. Water and sewage facilities, road, healthcare services, and effective communication system. . Faced with these almost hard problems, which were further complexes by the weight of reconstruction following the civil war, the government and people of Nigeria set for the country, fresh goals, and objectives aimed at establishing Nigeria as, a united, strong and self-reliant nation, a great and dynamic economy, and a land of brilliant and full opportunities for all citizens. The government and people of Nigeria are not aware that sound and patriotic leadership is a precondition for the rapid social and economic progress of the country. As a nation, Nigeria has been less fortunate in the kind of leadership that emerge to govern the affairs of the country in the period immediately after independence, a leadership whose achievements notwithstanding, was none the less ill-prepared. Generally not properly provoked and motivated to tackle the problems of socioeconomic under development, in the interest of the country as a whole.

Adding the Fact:

There is no adding the fact that the future of any country depends on the youths. The youths of Nigeria acknowledge this fact, and have consistently laid claim to the nation’s leadership. While one may give credibility to the saying that leaders are born, not made, one must also admit to the fact that leadership in a modem society requires a firm degree of training and direction before the supposition and assumption of that role. The universities and other institutions of higher education are normally likely to be training soil for future leaders, except that, as we are all aware, these institutions are first and foremost committed to the advancement of learning and knowledge, training of people for good citizenship. Little wonder that the products of these institutions have been blamed of being too exclusive in their outlook, of not recognize with the dilemma and troubles of common man, and of incapability to understand and realized predicament of the huge majority of our people who live in the rural areas. It was the required to seem beyond the immediate present and to believe of the future leadership of the country that demands the mobilization of confident categories of their youths through the National Youth Service Corps Scheme. This was completed with a vision to giving them the appropriate and accurate guidance and direction related to the needs of the country. The intention of the plan is primarily to encourage in Nigerian Youths the spirit of unselfish service to the community, and to highlight the courage of oneness and brotherhood of their entire Nigerians nation, irrespective of cultural or social background. The history of their country since freedom has obviously point out the call for unity amongst all their people, and established the fact and reality that no cultural or geographical individual and entity can exist in isolation.

Inculcate Discipline:

So the main objectives of the their National Youth Service Corps plan are clearly spelt out as, To inculcate discipline in Nigerian youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry at work, and of patriotic and faithful service to their country in any condition or crisis they may find themselves. They will raise the moral character of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about advanced ideals of national achievement, social and cultural development. Increase in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared knowledge awareness and appropriate training, which will construct them more amenable to mobilization in the national interest. Allow Nigerian youths acquire the spirit of self reliance by supporting them to widen skills for self employment. Contribute to the speed up expansion of the national economy. Add to ordinary ties among the Nigerian youths and encourage and cheer national unity and integration. To eradicate injustice, remove and eliminate ignorance and confirm at first hand the many similarities among entire nation of all ethnic groups. To develop a sense of corporate existence and common destiny of the people. The equitable distribution of members of the service corps and the effective utilization of their skills in area of national needs. That as far as potential, youths is assigned to jobs in States other than their States of origin. Such group of youths assigned to work together is as representative of Nigeria as far as possible. That the youths are exposed to the modes of living of the people in different parts of the country. Youths are encouraged to avoid religious intolerance by accommodating and cooperation religious differences. Members of the service corps are encouraged to seek at the end of their one year national service, career employment all over Nigeria, therefore promoting the free movement of labour. That employers are induced partly through their experience with members of the service corps to employ more readily and on a permanent basis, qualified Nigerians, irrespective of their States of origin.

Cuban Variation:

Another variation is found in Cuba. The victorious military revolution segued into what was termed the “continuing revolution.” The leaders recognized the significance not just of overthrowing Fulgencio Batista’s regime, but of improving the lives of citizens. The most widely acclaimed accomplishment of Fidel Castro’s Cuba was the near-elimination of illiteracy in 1961, largely through the efforts of 100,000 young citizens who went to the countryside educates and trained people how to read and write. Although the literacy campaign was a short-term effort, the linkage between school and community has continued.

If here we discussed the nature of wars and their consequences, There is congruence between the characteristics of certain wars and the characteristics of their aftermaths and recovery periods. Total wars, between two or more states or between coalitions of state-allies, can end in a decisive victory or in a more ambiguous conclusion. Thereafter, each side licks its wounds and engages in its own postwar reconstruction.

In contrast, civil wars, or protracted conflicts between neighboring entities, last a long time, rarely produce clear winners and losers, and typically end because of deadlocks, both sides’ exhaustion, external intervention, or some combination of these factors. A civil war often involves countless communities where neighbors suddenly find themselves fighting one another. It is frequently not a war between longstanding enemies, but a war between those who were once friends, neighbors, and colleagues. The conflict and resulting distrust can quickly destroy any social norms of civic-minded behavior.

Recovery and for Community Reconstruction:

Different form of method for recovery and for community reconstruction. When we have mass disasters, our immediate attention and mental-health professionals seek to assist affected civilians, especially children, recover from the shock and prevent any long-term impairments such as post-traumatic, post shocked or stress disorder. Normally, this help comprises mental support, expressions of sympathy, and recognition of genuine post-distress difficulties. In more serious cases, the treatment seeks to strengthen idiosyncratic coping mechanisms. Depending on the individual, these coping modes can fall into one or more of the following categories that can be, Influence/emotional processing, addressed through such methods as enabling the expression of unconscious or self-conscious and  repressed emotions (“abreaction”) and transforming uncontrollable concern into tolerable fears, cognitive processing, addressed through such scheme as reframing the situation and manipulating the person’s cognitive evaluation, and Active-behavioral processing, addressed through such methods as encouraging


The main objective to go in the affairs of African idea and Cuban crisis is that we have many examples that are unlocked and clear direction through that we can initiate peace and prosperity in the world. It is not yet too late still the time that world became a peaceful for all humankind and religion. 

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